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Factors That Affect LED Screens Advertising Cost, Advantages to the Advertiser

Billboard advertising costs are referenced in cost per mille (CPM), or cost per thousand impressions, and are affected by circulation, demographics, and impressions. Together, these factors inform the billboard’s out-of-home (OOH) rating, as determined by Geopath, an audience location measurement tool.

A billboard’s OOH rating is based on three factors:

  • Circulation: Circulation is the total volume of traffic that passes the billboard, as derived from transportation authorities. The circulation does not take into account whether passersby see your ad.
  • Demographics: A billboard’s demographics are a breakout by age, gender, and income level of people who typically pass a billboard. Expect to pay more to advertise to people with higher income levels.
  • Impressions: Impressions are the likely number of people who actually see the ad, based on the size of the billboard, visibility, the speed at which people are passing, and other factors. This is derived from the circulation and the location of the billboard.

Advantages to the Advertiser

  • Zero production cost (with a static billboard the advertiser has to be pay to produce a vinyl to post)
  • Quicker posting time/no posting window (with a static billboard, you need to account for a few days to a week to print your vinyl and then the outdoor company technically has a 5 day posting window to get you up) – with digital they can “post” you almost immediately
  • Creative rotations, copy changing & day-parting – with a digital bulletin you run multiple different creative executions, or change them out hourly/daily/weekly or even by day-part (i.e. different creative in the morning vs afternoon vs evening)
  • Additional creative flexibility for dynamic creative – digital boards can do countdowns, live score updates, weather triggers and so many other things
  • More flexibility for short-term flights (typically billboards are sold in 4-week flights but with digital you can easily buy a shorter duration)

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What is Digital Outdoor Advertising? Traditional Billboards vs Digital Billboards, Who Billboard Advertising Is Right For

Digital out-of-home (DOOH) advertising is a part of out-of-home (OOH) advertising. It is powered by digital technology that allows tracking, flexibility, personalization, and interactivity.

Digital outdoor advertising encompasses various formats, including digital outdoor signage, billboards, mall kiosks, digital boards, etc. A Nielsen study showed that OOH advertising delivers quadrupled activity on a dollar spent compared to its offline competitors – TV, radio, and print.

How does DOOH benefit brands?

The outdoor medium forms a significant part of any brand’s marketing campaign. DOOH advertising is now interactive and employed for better brand-customer relationships.

One of the biggest advantages of outdoor advertising is its non-interfering quality. Unlike online ads or TV ads, digital outdoor advertising can be artistic without being an inconvenience. For advertisers, too, it provides advantages. The user cannot skip a DOOH since ad blockers cannot function in this medium.

In the pandemic world, digital outdoor advertising has proven to be very useful as it is the ideal channel to provide real-time communication to the masses in a contactless world. Digital outdoor signage became the go-to option to display safety measures and public health messages.

Traditional Billboards vs Digital Billboards

Physical billboards have a lot of advantages over digital billboard advertising. Placement of physical billboard ads is widely available because the infrastructure has existed for several decades. Additionally, printed advertisements are not subject to glitches and power outages like digital billboards.

Traditional Billboards
Digital Billboards
Typically less expensive
More dynamic ads, which make ads more effective
More existing inventory
Better targeting with the ability to display ads during specific hours of the days or days of the week
Not subject to glitches
More flexibility as you can update and optimize ads quickly

Who Billboard Advertising Is Right For

Billboard advertising works best for businesses boosting brand awareness or advertising specific store locations. Billboards located on highways that advertise local businesses are extremely actionable because the audience is already nearby. In addition, billboards are a great way to promote your brand if you don’t need immediate conversions.

If you’re still on the fence about whether or not billboard advertising is right for your business, consider the following questions:

  • Does your product pass the eight-second rule? If you can’t make your pitch in eight seconds, then billboards are not for you. The stagnant nature of traditional billboards is also ineffective if your message requires interpretation.
  • Is your product relevant to a mass audience? If your product is only relevant to 10% of the population, you’ll waste a lot of money on “unnecessary” billboard impressions. For example, a distributor of vegan food products likely only appeals to the 7% of Americans who identify as vegan.

The main benefit of Digital advertising is that you can reach a large number of people within a specific geographical area. This is great for those starting a business or local businesses in general, whose target audience is very broad, yet within one geographic area. For example, everyone eats, so restaurant digital ads are effective.

  • Restaurants and shops
  • Real estate agents
  • Law firms
  • Local financial institutions
  • Medical facilities
  • Fitness centers
  • Location education providers
  • Home services (e.g., heating and oil, landscaping, construction)
  • Nonprofits and public service announcements

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EEG test could enable early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, innovative EEG test could diagnose Alzheimer’s disease 5  years earlier

Memory assessment: can be done by a volunteer without any prior training. 

A new memory assessment technique could pave the way for earlier diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, the underlying cause of around 60% of dementia cases. The approach uses electroencephalography (EEG) to measure brain activity while participants watch flashing images on a computer screen.

Current diagnostic tests for Alzheimer’s disease are not effective during its early stages, meaning that Alzheimer’s is typically only diagnosed late in the disease process. As such, there’s a real need for early diagnosis tools that could enable the timely initiation of lifestyle interventions to slow the rate of cognitive decline. Such a tool could also help drug development, through earlier and more accurate identification of dementia patients in clinical trials.

An EEG-based test may be developed that would decrease the age of diagnosis by up to five years in the near future. 

In the long term the EEG detection technique is known in the medical field but is not the only screening method recommended and has the potential to improve other methods.

 

The structure of a BCI system

EEG works by using multiple electrodes placed on the scalp (in an EEG cap) to record the brain’s electrical activity. BRAIN AI uses a method called fast periodic visual stimulation (FPVS), which measures brain signals as the subject views a series of rapidly presented images, a few of which are repeated at slower intervals. The technique is highly effective at picking up small, subtle changes in brain waves that occur when a person remembers an image.

The big advantage of BRAIN AI EEG Test is that it is completely passive. The person performing the test is not given any instructions prior to the task, which is important as dementia patients may struggle to follow complex instructions, and is not asked to reflect on, respond to or remember any items. The technique is also low-cost, non-invasive and uses technology that’s already available in hospitals.

BRAIN AI offers a genuinely novel way of measuring how our brain is functioning.

The person being assessed doesn’t need to understand the test, or even respond, they simply watch a screen of flashing images and by the way we manipulate the images that appear we can learn an enormous amount about what their brain is, or is not, able to do.”

The BRAIN AI procedure induces two discrete frequency responses in the EEG, which reflect the participant’s periodic neural responses to the stimuli. The first reflects visual processing at the image presentation frequency. The second mirrors the brain’s response to previously seen images and reflects the patient’s recognition memory. Analysing the EEG spectrum at this second, slower frequency can quantify the patient’s memory response.

BRAIN AI (EEG) testing could pave the way for improved outcomes for patients with Alzheimer’s disease by diagnosing the condition earlier, allowing treatments to be initiated before significant clinical signs appear. (surse: guidelines.co.uk)

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We are trusted by Global Companies, Start-Ups, Non-Profit Organisations and Government Institutions. Technology is a Tool. We use it to amplify the Infinite Human Potential. We leverage Your Teams, we Simplify Your Projects, we Automate Your Processes. The Purpose is to Free Your Mind, so You & Your Organisation can have Nikola Tesla-level Inspiration & Impact !

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INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE November 11 – 13, 2021 EDUCATION AND CREATIVITY FOR A KNOWLEDGE BASED SOCIETY (15TH EDITION)

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION

„TITU MAIORESCU” UNIVERSITY OF BUCHAREST Institute for Studies, Research, Development and Innovation
Calea Văcăreşti no. 187, Sector 4, Bucharest

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INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE

November 11 – 13, 2021

EDUCATION AND CREATIVITY FOR A KNOWLEDGE BASED SOCIETY (15TH EDITION)

PROGRAMME

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PRESIDENT OF THE CONFERENCE

• Prof. univ. dr. DANIEL COCHIOR – Rectorul Universităţii Titu Maiorescu din București

VICE-PRESIDENTS

• Prof.univ.dr. IOSIF R. URS – Preşedintele Consiliului de Administraţie, Universitatea Titu Maiorescu din București
• Prof.univ.dr. TITI PARASCHIV – Prorector pentru cercetare ştiinţifică, Universitatea Titu Maiorescu din București
• Prof.univ.dr. IRINEL POPESCU – Preşedintele Academiei de Ştiinţe Medicale, Directorul Institutului de Cercetări Ştiinţifice Medicale „Nicolae Cajal”, Universitatea Titu Maiorescu din București

INTERNATIONAL SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEE

• Prof. univ. dr. DANIEL COCHIOR – Rectorul Universităţii Titu Maiorescu
• Prof. univ. dr. IOSIF R. URS – Preşedintele Consiliului de Administraţie, Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof. univ. dr. VALENTIN PAU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof. univ. dr. SMARANDA ANGHENI – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof.univ. dr. DUMITRU GHEORGHIU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof.univ.dr. TITI PARASCHIV – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof. univ. dr. TEODOR FRUNZETI – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Conf. univ. dr. IOANA MÂNEA – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof.univ.dr. IRINEL POPESCU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof.univ.dr. DAN FLORIN UNGUREANU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof. univ. dr. HANS LENK – Universitatea din Karlsruhe (Germania)
• Prof. univ. dr. MIRCEA MARTIN – Universitatea din Kansas (SUA)
• Prof. univ. dr. DAN GHEORGHE TECUCI – Universitatea din Texas, Austin (SUA)
• Prof. univ. dr. DORIN COMĂNICIU – Universitatea Princeton (SUA)
• Dr. FABIAN FEHLAUER – Strahlenzentrum Hamburg (Germania)
• Dr. SEBASTIAN NICOLĂESCU – Verizon Bussines, New York (SUA)
• Dr. EUSEBIU CATANĂ – Universitatea Liberă Bruxelles (Belgia)
• Prof. emerit JOEL MONEGER, PhD – Universite Paris Dauphine (Franţa)
• Prof. CLAUDIA LEMARCHAND-GHICA, PhD – Université Paris XII (Franţa)
• Prof. ERNEST NOMAK, PhD – University of Social Sciences, Warszawa (Polonia)
• Prof. NACHUM SOMET, PhD – Harvard University (SUA)
• Prof. univ. dr. ing. ALEXANDRU-ADRIAN BADEA – Preşedinte, Academia Oamenilor de Știință din România • Prof. univ. dr. HORAȚIU MOLDOVAN – Universitatea de Medicină și Farmacie “Carol Davila” București
• Prof. univ. dr. VIOREL IULIAN TĂNASE – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof. univ. dr. SORIN IVAN – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof. univ. dr. IONICA ONCIOIU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Conf. univ. dr. IUSTIN PRIESCU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Conf. univ. dr. MANUELA TĂBĂRAŞ – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Conf. univ. dr. ELENA RUSU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Conf. univ. dr. ANNA MARIA PANGICĂ – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Conf. univ. dr. ROXANA COLETTE SANDULOVICI – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof. univ. dr. CARMEN SILVIA PARASCHIV – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Prof. univ. dr. VICTOR COSTACHE – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Lector univ. dr. LIVIU MARTIN – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Lector univ. dr. CRISTIAN DRĂGHICI – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu

PROGRAM COMMITTEE

• Prof.univ.dr. Alexandru BOROI – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu • Conf. univ. dr. Ioana DUCA – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Conf. univ. dr. Daniela JOIŢA – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Conf.univ.dr. George DAVID – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu

• Conf. univ. dr. Petru Mihai CRAIOVAN – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Conf. univ. dr. Raluca Monica COMĂNEANU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu • Conf. univ. dr. Ion MIRCIOIU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Lector univ. dr. Cosmin Alec MOLDOVAN – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu

ORGANIZING COMMITTEE

• C.S. II dr. fiz. Camelia PETRESCU – Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Ana Maria PERPELEA – Director Departament IT, Universitatea Titu Maiorescu • Elena NEAGU – Şef Serviciu Economic, Universitatea Titu Maiorescu
• Crinu RUSĂNESCU – Şef Serviciu Administrativ, Universitatea Titu Maiorescu

GENERAL SECRETARIAT

• Prof. univ. dr. Dan POSTOLEA – Secretar ştiinţific, Institutul de Studii, Cercetare, Dezvoltare şi Inovare • Elena PANĂ – Director Cabinet Rector
• Simona BOGDEA – Secretar Vicepreşedinte Consiliu de Administraţie

GENERAL PROGRAMME (Live transmission on www.utm.ro and on the channels of Facebook and Youtube)

Thursday, November 11, 2021 and Friday, November 12, 2021

12.00 – 16.00 Section Lectures
The works will take place online, using the Microsoft Teams platform, which works on any device (phone, laptop, tablet) and on any operating system (Windows, Android, IOS).

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Thursday, November 11, 2021

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10.00 – 11.00 Plenum Lectures

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SECTIONS LECTURES

Section 1 Law Subsection A Moderators:

Subsection B

Moderators:

Assoc. Prof. Manuela TĂBĂRAȘ, PhD Assoc. Prof. Maria Beatrice BERNA, PhD Lecturer Ioan MORARIU, PhD

SECTIONS WORKING

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Section 6 Medicine Moderators:

Prof. Dan POSTOLEA, PhD

Prof. Dan Florin UNGUREANU, PhD Prof. Dan MĂNĂSTIREANU, PhD

Assoc. Prof. Felicia MAXIM, PhD
Assoc. Prof. Andreea Simona UZLĂU, PhD Asist. Iulia Elena NISTOR, PhD

Section 2
Economic Sciences
Moderators: Prof. Ionica ONCIOIU, PhD

Assoc. Prof. Ioana DUCA, PhD

Section 3
Computer Science
Moderators: Assoc. Prof. Iustin PRIESCU, PhD

Assoc. Prof. Daniela JOIŢA, PhD

Section 4
Psychology
Moderators: Prof. Viorel Iulian TĂNASE, PhD

Assoc. Prof. Petru Mihai CRAIOVAN, PhD

Section 5
Brain Computer Interface. Measurements in the Technical and Social Field Moderators: Prof. Titi PARASCHIV, PhD

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Section 7
Dental Medicine
Moderators: Assoc. Prof. Anca Iuliana POPESCU, PhD

Lecturer Andreea Mariana BĂNĂȚEANU , PhD Assistent Oana HRISTACHE, PhD

Section 8
Pharmacy
Moderators: Assoc. Prof. Roxana Colette SANDULOVICI, PhD

Lecturer Carmen Marinela MIHĂILESCU, PhD

Section 9
Communication, International Relations, Language, Culture and Civilization Moderators: Prof. Sorin IVAN, PhD

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Prof. Teodor FRUNZETI, PhD

PROGRAM WORKS Thursday, November 11, 2021

Plenum Lectures (10.00 – 11.00)

  1. Prof. DANIEL COCHIOR, PhD – Titu Maiorescu University, Rector, Opening word.
  2. OCTAVIANA MARINCAȘ, PhD Eng. – Senior counselor, Ministry of Research, Innovation and Digitalization, “New inside for the

    financial opportunities in to the present programming period – synergy and complementarities”.

  3. Prof. TUDOR VIOREL ȚIGĂNESCU, PhD – Commander, Military Equipment and Technologies Research Agency (METRA), “New

    trends in dual use technologies”.

  4. Prof. TITI PARASCHIV, PhD, – Titu Maiorescu University, Vice-rector for scientific research, „Directions in the use of data science

    in research”.

  5. Messages from government institutions, universities and research institutes in the country and abroad.

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Subsection A Moderators:

Thursday, November 11, 2021 (13.00 – 16.00)

Assoc. Prof. Manuela TĂBĂRAȘ, PhD Assoc. Prof. Maria Beatrice BERNA, PhD Lecturer Ioan MORARIU, PhD

Section Lectures

SECTION 1

Law

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1.1 Manuela TĂBĂRAŞ, Assoc. Professor PhD, THE TIP OF THE ICEBERG OF PARENTAL PROTECTION IN THE PROCEDURE OF NOTARY DIVORCE.

1.2 Cristian DRĂGHICI, Lecturer Ph.D, AFFECTIO SOCIETATISAND THE EXCLUSION OF THE ASSOCIATE FROM THE COMPANY.
1.3 Mihai-Raul SECULA, PhD assistant professor, SIGNIFICANT NON-PERFORMANCE OF THE CONTRACT, CONDITION OF TERMINATION.
1.4 Carmen TODICĂ, Assoc. Prof. PhD, RESPONSIBILITY OF THE DIRECTOR IN THE MERGER OR DIVISION PHASE OF THE COMPANY. SANCTIONS APPLICABLE ACCORDING TO THE CIVIL CODE.
1.5 Mircea TUTUNARU, Associate Professor, PhD, CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING CUSTOM AND ITS ROLE AS A SOURCE OF LAW.
1.6 Maria Beatrice BERNA, Assistant Professor PhD., Crina Andreea MAXIM, student, A PLEA FOR DIGNITY AT THE WORKPLACE: FROM THE INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANISATION’S ASPIRATIONS TO THE LATEST DEVELOPMENTS IN DOMESTIC LAW.
1.7 Luiza-Florentina CURELUȘĂ, PhD Candidate, REFUGEES – A CONTEMPORANEITY ISSUE.
1.8 Remus IONESCU, Lecturer PhD, SOME CONSIDERATIONS IN CONNECTION WITH THE DISJUNCTIONOF CASES BY THE PRELIMINARY CHAMBER JUDGE.
1.9 Ileana-Denisa ȘTIRBULESCU, PhD Student, THE GREEN CERTIFICATE AND THE EFFECTS ON THE RIGHT TO WORK. ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN ROMANIA AND OTHER EUROPEAN COUNTRIES.
1.10 Valentin-Stelian BĂDESCU, PhD, THE FRAGILE PERMANENCE OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS IN EXCEPTIONAL SITUATIONS.

Subsection B Moderators:

Friday, November 12, 2021 (13.00 – 16.00)

Assoc. Prof. Felicia MAXIM, PhD
Assoc. Prof. Andreea Simona UZLĂU, PhD Asist. Iulia Elena NISTOR, PhD

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1.11 Felicia MAXIM,

Assoc. Professor PhD, Elena-Alexandra ANDREI, student, COUNCIL OF EUROPE CONVENTION ON PREVENTING AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONVENTION PROVISIONS BY ROMANIA. 1.12 Alexandru BOROI, Professor, PhD, Georgian TOMA, Asist. PhD, BRIEF CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE EVOLUTION OF

ALTERNATIVES TO PRISON SENTENCE IN ROMANIAN CRIMINAL LAW.
1.13 Nadia-Elena DODESCU, Assistant Professor PhD, DELIMITATION OF CRIMES OF TRAFFICKING IN PIMPS.
1.14 Romulus MOREGA, Lecturer, PhD, ALFLOAREI Andreea, Jr. drd., THEORETICAL CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING TRANSNATIONAL CRIME IN ROMANIA AND BULGARIA.
1.15 Ion PĂDUCEL, Associate Professor, PhD, THE ISSUE OF CRIMINAL LEGISLATION APPLICABLE TO LEGAL EMPLOYMENT RELATIONSHIPS IN THE CURRENT CONTEXT.
1.16 Michaela Loredana TEODORESCU, Lecturer PhD, ,,PANDEMIC” CHALLENGES IN THE JUDICIAR AREA.
1.17 Costela DUMITRACHE, PhD, Adinan HALIL, PhD, CRITICAL OBSERVATIONS REGARDING SOME AMENDMENTS TO THE PENAL CODE BY LAW 217/2020.
1.18 Bogdan-Mihai DUMITRU, PhD student, THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL ASPECTS REGARDING THE PRESUMPTION OF INNOCENCE.
1.19 Ioana Ruxandra MĂLĂESCU, PhD, THE CONTENT OF THE REPORT DRAWN UP ON THE FLAGRANT CRIME AND THE PRIVILEGE AGAINST SELF-INCRIMINATION.
1.20 Iulian-Constantin MĂNĂILESCU, PhD Candidate, Cezar PEȚA, Prof. PhD, LEGISLATIVE ASPECTS ON PREVENTING AND COMBATING BIOLOGICAL TERRORISM.
1.21 Cezarina MORARU, PhD Candidate, Marcela RADU, Magistrate Assistant, SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON INTERNATIONAL JUDICIAL COOPERATION IN CRIMINAL MATTERS BETWEEN ROMANIA AND THE UNITED KINGDOM OF GREAT BRITAIN AS OF 1 JANUARY2021 WITH REFERENCE TO THE INSTITUTION OF THE EUROPEAN ARREST WARRANT.
1.22 Vasile POPA, PhD student, CONSIDERATIONS REGARDING THE INSTITUTION OF THE INSTRUCTION JUDGE IN THE LEGISLATION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA.

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COMBATING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE-

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1.23 Bogdan VÎRJAN, Assistant Professor, PhD., SOME CONSIDERATIONS ON THE MEANING OF THE NOTION OF POLICEMAN ACCORDING TO DECISION NO. 19/2020 PRONOUNCED BY HCCJ – THE PANEL FOR RESOLVING LEGAL ISSUES IN CRIMINAL MATTERS AND FOR RESPECTING THE PRINCIPLE OF LEGALITY OF INCRIMINATION.
1.24 Alexandru POROF, Public Prosecutor PhD, Iulia-Elena NISTOR, Assistant Professor, PhD, CONSIDERATIONSON THE ENFORCEMENT OF LAWNR. 302/2004 ON THE JUDICIAL COOPERATION, REPUBLISHED, WITH ITS SUBSEQUENTAMENDMENTS, FOLLOWING THE WITHDRAWAL OF THE UNITED KINGDOM FROM THE EUROPEAN UNION.

Thursday, November 11, 2021 (12.00 – 15.00)

Moderators: Prof. Ionica ONCIOIU, PhD Assoc. Prof. Ioana DUCA, PhD

SECTION 2

Economic Sciences

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2.1 Marin CIUMAG, Assoc. Prof. PhD., Anca CIUMAG, Ec. PhD., DOCUMENTARY VERIFICATION – FORM OF FISCAL CONTROL.
2.2 Grigore LUPULESCU, Associate Professor, PhD, Marian-Lucian ACHIM, Associate Professor, PhD, APPROACHES TO INCOME AND EXPENDITURE BUDGETING IN PRIVATE EDUCATION UNIVERSITIES.
2.3 Alice-Dalina MATEI-CERNĂIANU, Lecturer, PhD, Nicolae CERNĂIANU, Lecturer, PhD, Valentin STEGĂROIU, Lecturer, PhD, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN MANAGEMNET: CHALLENGES AND OPPORTUNITIES.
2.4 Ion NEAMŢU, Associate Professor, PhD, Radu-Ionuţ NEAMŢU, Univ. Assist. PhD, DEFLECTION OF COMBUSTION GASES RESULTING FROM FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION.
2.5 Teodora VĂTUIU, Assoc. Prof. PhD, Bianca Aida SURUPĂCEANU, Assistant PhD, THE IMPORTANCE OF KNOWLEDGE OF ENGLISH IN THE CURRENT CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION.
2.6 Teodora VĂTUIU, Assoc. Prof. PhD, Bianca Aida SURUPĂCEANU, Assistant PhD, USE OF SOFTWARE APPLICATIONS FOR AUTOMATIC TRANSLATION OF ECONOMIC TEXTS.
2.7 Teodora VĂTUIU, Assoc. Prof. PhD, Ioana CATRINA, Lecturer PhD, Silviu Adrian IANA, PhD Student, USE OF COMPUTER APPLICATIONS IN THE STUDY OF CAPITAL MARKET DYNAMICS IN THE CURRENT ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL CONTEXT.
2.8 Teodora VĂTUIU, Assoc. Prof. PhD, Traian IANA, Lecturer PhD, Silviu Adrian IANA, PhD Student, THE IMPORTANCE OF DIGITALIZATION AND THE USE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE IN EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF THE PANDEMIC CAUSED BY THE NEW CORONAVIRUS.
2.9 Iliana Maria ZANFIR, PhD student, Miruna Angela MUTU, PhD student, Bogdan Nicolae ISTRATE, PhD student, DESIGN OF THE ACCOUNTING INFORMATION FLOW.

SECTION 3

Computer Science

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Thursday, November 11, 2021 (12.00 – 15.00)

Moderators: Assoc. Prof. Iustin PRIESCU, PhD Assoc. Prof. Daniela JOIŢA, PhD

3.1 Mironela PÎRNĂU, Assoc. Prof., PhD, Daniela JOIȚA, Assoc. Prof., PhD, Iustin PRIESCU, Assoc. Prof., PhD, Tudor Cătălin APOSTOLESCU, Assoc. Prof., PhD, GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS ON VULNERABILITY MANAGEMENT IN RAPID7 NEXPOSE.
3.2 Viorel IONESCU, Associate Prof., Ph.D., Mihai POPESCU, Associate Prof., Ph.D., USING MICROSOFT R SERVICES IN SQL SERVER DATABASES.

3.3 Dan Laurenţiu GRECU, Lecturer PhD, Bogdan RADU, Masterand – promotion 2020, PUBLISHING A CYBER SECURITY APPLICATION IN CLOUD.
3.4 Radu MOINESCU, PhD Student, Ciprian RĂCUCIU, Prof. PhD, Dragoș GLĂVAN, PhD Student, Sergiu EFTIMIE, PhD Student, TRENDS IN CYBER ATTACKS DURING THE CORONAVIRUS PANDEMIC.

3.5 Radu MOINESCU, PhD Student, Ciprian RĂCUCIU, Prof. PhD, Dragoș GLĂVAN, PhD Student, Sergiu EFTIMIE, PhD Student, ZERO TRUST, AN OBSTACLE NOT TOO DIFFICULT TO AVOID BY CYBER THREATS.
3.6 Mirela STOICA, PhD Student, Ciprian RĂCUCIU, Prof. PhD, AUDIO STEGANOGRAPHY IN TRANSFORM DOMAIN: A SURVEY.

Thursday, November 11, 2021 (12.00 – 15.00)

Moderators: Prof. Viorel Iulian TĂNASE, PhD
Assoc. Prof. Petru Mihai CRAIOVAN, PhD

SECTION 4

Psychology

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4.1 Viorel Iulian TĂNASE, Petru CRAIOVAN, Diandra Ștefania MIRCEA, STUDY ON THE EFFECTS OF CYBERBULLYING ON THE LEVEL OF ANXIETY.
4.2 Viorel Iulian TĂNASE, Oana MATEESCU, Iulian IPATE, Mirela SIMA, BEHAVIORAL ADAPTATION OF ADOLESCENTS TO THE ONLINE ENVIRONMENT DURING THE COVID PANDEMIC PERIOD 19.

4.3 Titi PARASCHIV, Cosmin POPESCU, THE PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE OF SUICIDE AS A PHENOMENON IN THE MILITARY SYSTEM.
4.4 Titi PARASCHIV, Oana MATEESCU, Cristina-Violeta VOICILĂ, THE IMPACT OF TECHNOLOGY ON DISADAPTIVE EATING BEHAVIOR.
4.5 Elena ANGHEL STĂNILĂ, PSYCHOEDUCATIONAL INTERVENTIONS FOR A HEALTHY SYCHOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS IN A PANDEMIC CONTEXT.
4.6 Barbara CRĂCIUN, THE ROLE OF THE COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL PROCESS IN OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER.
4.7 Odette DIMITRIU, SUICIDAL PATIENTS – A CHALLENGE FOR CLINICIANS.
4.8 Valentina NEACŞU, Cristina COLOTELO, PSYCHOTHERAPY FROM FACE-TO-FACE TO ONLINE SESSIONS DURING COVID-19 OUTBREAK.
4.9 Ruxandra Victoria PARASCHIV, Eftihița CRĂCIUN, Cristian Ştefan MANEA, Dana PUIU, PSYCHOEDUCATIONAL EFFECTS OF ONLINE ACTIVITY.
4.10 Ruxandra Victoria PARASCHIV, Cristian Ştefan MANEA, Eftihița C RĂCIUN, Maria LAŞCU, STUDY ON THE EDUCATIONAL EFFICIENCY OF ONLINE PLATFORMS.
4.11 Florentina TONIŢA, USING PSYCHODRAMA IN SPORT PSYCHOLOGY.
4.12 Alina ZAHARIA, THE IMPACT OF PROFESSIONAL LIFE ON THE QUALITY OF PERSONAL LIFE.

4.13 Iulian IPATE, MEANS OF ANALYSING HUMAN COGNITION.
4.14 Iulian IPATE, THE CONCEPT OF FALSE MEMORIES AND ITS IMPLICATIONS IN PSYCHOLOGY.

SECTION 5

Brain Computer Interface. Measurements in the Technical and Social Field

Thursday, November 11, 2021 (12.00 – 15.00)

Moderators: Prof. Titi PARASCHIV, PhD Prof. Dan POSTOLEA, PhD

5.1 Titi PARASCHIV, Prof. PhD., Dan POSTOLEA, Prof. PhD, Camelia PETRESCU, CS II PhD, DATA SCIENCE AND CLASSICAL SCIENCES.
5.2 Titi PARASCHIV, Prof. PhD., Cosmin BĂNICĂ, Assoc. Prof. PhD, Ruxandra Victoria PARASCHIV, Lecturer PhD., DESIGN OF A SYSTEM FOR ASSESSING AND INTERPRETING PERSONAL BEHAVIOR IN CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURES (VISIND).
5.3 Titi PARASCHIV, Prof. PhD., Dan POSTOLEA, Prof. PhD, Camelia PETRESCU, CS II PhD, THE HUMAN-MACHINE-ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM. 5.4 Titi PARASCHIV, Prof. PhD., Vasile Daniel AVRAM, PhD. Candidate, Octavian Constantin GRIGOROIU, PhD. Candidate, Ionuț Cătălin PREDESCU, PhD. Candidate, Ştefan Emil IONESCU, PhD. Candidate, BIG DATA AND SCIENTIFIC METHOD.
5.5 Dan POSTOLEA, Prof. PhD, Vasile Daniel AVRAM, PhD. Candidate, Octavian Constantin GRIGOROIU, PhD. Candidate, THEORETICAL DESIGN OF DATA SCIENCE.
5.6 Simona POP, Prof. PhD PhD, Titi PARASCHIV, Prof. PhD., HUMAN-MACHINE SYSTEMS IN MEDICINE.
5.7 Tudor Ştefan ALEXANDRESCU, medical student, Teodora DIAMANDESCU, medical student, Camelia PETRESCU, CS II PhD, 3D PRINTING IN MEDICAL PRACTICE.
5.8 Alexandru-Marius DUMITRESCU, medical student, Raluca-Mihaela DRAGĂ, medical student, Camelia PETRESCU, CS II PhD, EFFECTS OF NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL RADIATION ON THE HUMAN GENOME.
5.9 Ruxandra Victoria PARASCHIV, Lecturer PhD., Andra-Carmen RUSU, Psychologist, PSYCHOINFORMATIONAL ASPECTS OF THE IMPACT OF CONSUMPTION ON SOCIAL NETWORKS ON BODY IMAGE.
5.10 Tudor-Viorel ȚIGĂNESCU, Prof. PhD., Octavian Constantin GRIGOROIU, PhD. Candidate, Ionuț Cătălin PREDESCU, PhD. Candidate, Ştefan Emil IONESCU, PhD. Candidate, BIG DATA AND BIG DATA ANALYTICS.
5.11 Ştefan Emil IONESCU, PhD. Candidate, Titi PARASCHIV, Prof. PhD., BRAIN COMPUTER INTERFACE, PROPOSALS FOR A LOW-NOISE APPROACH.
5.12 Adriana MANOLACHE, PhD Candidate, Daniel COCHIOR, Prof. PhD., Dan Florin UNGUREANU, Prof. PhD., Cosmin MOLDOVAN, Lecturer PhD., IMPACT IN SURGERY OF DIGITALIZED CLINICAL RISKS.

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SECTION 6

Medicine

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Thursday, November 11, 2021 (12.00 – 15.00)

Moderators: Prof. Dan Florin UNGUREANU, PhD Prof. Dan MĂNĂSTIREANU, PhD

6.1 UNGUREANU Dan Florin, Prof. PhD, Geanina-Florina RADU- ȘEICARU, PhD Candidate, PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPACT OF SURGICAL PATIENTS WITH MAJOR DISABILITIES – AMPUTATION IN BOTH MEMBERS, NEOPLASM AND COVID.
6.2 Liviu MARTIN, Lecturer PhD, Dan Gheorghe MĂLĂESCU, Prof. PhD, Adrian MIȚĂ, primary doctor, Marius STANCU, ATI specialist, Adi na MARTIN, pharmacist, CONVERSION TO LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY – A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY.

6.3 Jean CIUREA MD, PhD, Tatiana CIUREA, PhD, KONCZ Ela Karina, Student, FURTUNĂ Oana Sânziana, Student, NICOLAE Călin, Student, PRODĂNEL Maria Ingrid, Student, DEEP BRAIN STIMULATED PARKINSON’S DISEASE PATIENTS IN PANDEMIC.
6.4 Iurii MUNTEANU, MD, PhD, Silvia POPESCU, MD, Mihaela MUNTEANU, MD, Daniel COCHIOR, MD, Prof. PhD, CONSIDERATIONS ABOUTTHE THERAPEUTIC STRATEGYIN ACASE OF GIANT VILLOUS ADENOMA WITH INCOMPLETE INTERMITTENT PROLAPSE – CASE REPORT. 6.5 Ilaria Lorena PETROVICI, PhD Student, Dănuț Nicolae TARNIȚA, Professor PhD, Răzvan Cristian VĂDUVA, PhD Student, Mihai Cătălin TENOVICI, PhD Student, Andrei TUDORA, PhD Student, Vladimir ONTICA, PhD Student, Daniel Cosmin CĂLIN, Orthopedic Doctor, Dragoș- Laurențiu POPA, Assoc. Prof. PhD, Gabriel BUCIU, Lecturer PhD, ABOUT THE VIRTUAL AND CLASSICAL ANALYSIS OF THE FEMURAL MEDULLARY CHANNEL FOR OSTEOSYNTHESIS.

6.6 Ilaria Lorena PETROVICI, PhD Student, Dănuț Nicolae TARNIȚA, Professor PhD, Răzvan Cristian VĂDUVA, PhD Student, Mihai Cătălin TENOVICI, PhD Student, Andrei TUDORA, PhD Student, Vladimir ONTICA, PhD Student, Daniel Cosmin CĂLIN, Orthopedic Doctor, Dragoș- Laurențiu POPA, Assoc. Prof. PhD, Gabriel BUCIU, Lecturer PhD, ABOUT THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF OSTEOSYNTHESIS SYSTEMS APPLIED ON TIBIA USING TECHNIQUES OF THE FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS METHOD.

6.7 Aurelian UDRISTIOIU MD, Fellow PhD, PhD Candidate in Molecular Biology, RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN LDH AND MG IN MONITORING OF HEMATOLOGIC AND NON-HEMATOLOGIC MALIGNANT DISEASES.
6.8 Daciana-Silvia MARTA, Lecturer PhD, Laura-Georgiana MOISE, Gabriela BURDUCEA, Lecturer PhD, Elena MOLDOVEANU, Prof. PhD, THE ASSOCIATION OF VON WILLEBRAND FACTOR WITH OBSTRUCTIVE SLEEP APNEA SYNDROME SEVERITY.

6.9 Gabriel Petre GORECKI, PhD Candidate, Elena RUSU, Assoc. Prof., PhD, Cosmin MOLDOVAN, Lecturer, PhD, Daniel COCHIOR, Prof. PhD, THE VALUE OF NON-INVASIVE EXPLORATION OF ORAL MUCOSA FOR EARLY DIAGNOSIS OF SEPTIC SHOCK.

SECTION 7

Dental Medicine

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Thursday, November 11, 2021 (12.00 – 15.00)

Moderators: Assoc. Prof. Anca Iuliana POPESCU, PhD Lecturer Andreea Mariana BĂNĂȚEANU , PhD

Assistent Oana HRISTACHE, PhD

7.1 Andreea Mariana BĂNĂȚEANU, DMD, PhD, Lecturer, Eugenia Diana RĂDULESCU, DMD, PhD,
Lecturer, Anca Iuliana Popescu, DMD, PhD, Associate Professor, Cristina Hăineală, DMD, PhD, Lecturer, CLINICAL SITUATIONS IN WHICH PROSTHETIC TREATMENT WAS INFLUENCED BY THE PANDEMIC PERIOD AND ECONOMIC FACTORS.
7.2 Claudia Florina BOGDAN-ANDREESCU, DMD, PhD, Associate Professor, Andreea Mariana BĂNĂȚEANU, DMD, PhD, Assistant Professor, Diana Eugenia RĂDULESCU, DMD, PhD, Assisstant Professor, TOTAL AND PARTIAL MAGNETIC OVERDENTURE – A CLINICAL REPORT.

7.3 Cristina CHELU, Senior lecturer PhD, Oana HRISTACHE, Univ. assit. PhD, Andreea BĂNĂȚEANU, Senior lecturer PhD, INERDISCIPLINARY ATTITUDE IN SOLVING A CASE OF LATERAL ANAODONTICS.
7.4 Ștefan MANEA, Lecturer, PhD, Mihai POPA, private practice, Andreea Oana CRISTESCU-ROȘU, Assistant Lecturer, PhD, Dana COSAC, Lecturer, PhD, Mihnea PINTILIE, PhD student, Anna Maria PANGICĂ, Associate Professor, PhD, USE OF MODERN DEVICES, INSTRUMENTS AND MATERIALS IN THE ENDODONTIC TREATMENT OF A SECOND MANDIBULAR MOLAR -A INTENTIONAL REPLANTATION CASE.

7.5 Anca Iuliana POPESCU, DMD, PhD, Associate Professor, Alexandra Elena BICULESCU, PhD Student, Paolo DI FRANCESCO, PhD Student, Anna Maria PANGICĂ, DMD, PhD, Associate Professor Andreea-Mariana BĂNĂȚEANU, DMD, PhD, Lecturer, COMPLEX REHABILITATION OF A PARTIALLY EDENTULOUS PATIENT WITH MOBILIZABLE PROSTHESES WITH SPECIAL SYSTEMS. CASE PRESENTATION.
7.6 Eugenia-Diana RĂDULESCU, Lector PhD, Andreea-Dana TUDOSE, Lector PhD, Claudia-Florina BOGDAN- ANDREESCU, Associate Professor PhD, Andreea Mariana BĂNĂŢEANU, Lector PhD, Alexandru BURCEA, Lector PhD, TOOTH WHITENING- LASER VS. ZOOM LAMP.

7.7 Talaat Gabriel REZK GAVRILĂ, PhD Student, Anamaria BECHIR , Professor PhD, Lelia Laurența MIHAI, Assoc. Prof. PhD, DENTAL VENEERS AS ESTHETIC REHABILITATION POSSIBILITY OF ORO-FACIAL FUNCTIONS – CASE REPORT.
7.8 Andreea-Dana TUDOSE, Lector PhD, Eugenia-Diana RĂDULESCU, Lector PhD, STUDY IN VITRO ABOUT DEBONDING THE VENEERS WITH LASER Er,Cr: YSGG 2780 nm- WATERLASE, BIOLASE.

Thursday, November 11, 2021 (12.00 – 15.00)

SECTION 8

Pharmacy

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Moderators: Assoc. Prof. Roxana Colette SANDULOVICI, PhD Lecturer Carmen Marinela MIHĂILESCU, PhD

8.1 Luiza-Mădălina CIMA, PhD, Pharmacist, Gabriela STANCIU, PhD, Prof Univ., Ana-Maria NECULAI, PhD, Pharmacist, USE OF NATURAL COMPOUNDS WITH ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY IN SKIN CARE PRODUCTS.
8.2 Elena-Melania CONSTANTIN, Student, Anca Daniela RAICIU, Lecturer, PhD, HEDERA HELIX AS A MEDICINAL PLANT-REVIEW.
8.3 Daniel CORD, Ana CARATA, Maria SOPOREAN, Iuliana CRIȘAN , Alin FOCȘA, Carmen Marilena MIHĂILESCU, Carmen Elisabeta MANEA, Mona Luciana GĂLĂȚANU, Roxana Colette SANDULOVICI, Luiza Mădălina CIMA, CHEMISTRY AND PHARMACY – experiences and connections over time.

8.4 Gabriela COSTACHE, PhD, Lecturer, Mona Luciana GĂLĂŢANU, PhD, Lecturer, Ana Maria SOARE, Pharmacist, A RESEARCH OF DIETS IMPACT ON HEALTH AND SICKNESS.
8.5 Mihaela-Mădălina DELIU, Student, Anca Daniela RAICIU, Lecturer, PhD, ROSMARINUS OFFICINALIS: A REVIEW ABOUT A STUDY OF THE COMPOSITION, ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITIES OF EXTRACTS OBTAINED WITH SUPERCRITICAL CARBON DIOXIDE.

8.6 Mona Luciana GĂLĂŢANU, PhD, Lecturer, Mariana POPESCU, PhD, Lecturer, Mariana PANŢUROIU, PhD, Assistant professor, Gabriela COSTACHE, PhD, Lecturer, Raluca Maria SWOBODA, PhD, Assistant professor, Daniel CORD, PhD Student, COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF FLAVONOIDS AND POLYPHENOL CARBOXYLIC ACIDS TOTAL CONTENT IN TWO ROMANIAN ARTEMISIA SPECIES.
8.7 Carmen-Elisabeta MANEA, Carmen-Marinela MIHăILESCU, Roxana-Collette SANDULOVICI, Mihaela SAVIN, Adina BOLDEIU, Vasilica TUCUREANU, Sorina Nicoleta VOICU, Daniel CORD, Andrei CONSTANTINESCU, BIO-SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SILVER NANOPARTICLES FROM MARIGOLD (CALENDULLA OFFICINALIS).

8.8 Viorel ORDEANU, Professor PhD, Roxana Colette SANDULOVICI, Assistant professor PhD, Rareș STRATON, Pharmacist, IMPLICATIONS OF GRAM-NEGATIVE BACILS IN MEDICINE AND PHARMACY.
8.9 Mariana PANTUROIU, PhD, Assistant Professor, Mona Luciana GĂLĂŢANU, PhD, Lecturer, Roxana Collete SANDULOVICI, PhD, Associate Professor, Erand MATI, PhD, Pharmacist, Iulian SARBU, PhD, Lecturer, PRELIMINARY RESEARCH REGARDING THE OBTAINING AND CHARACTERIZATION OF VITALBA CLEMATIS EXTRACTS WITH PHARMACOLOGICAL POTENTIAL.

8.10 Anca-Maria STAN, Student, Anca Daniela RAICIU, Lecturer, PhD, ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF CANNABIS SATIVA. SECTION 9

Communication, International Relations, Language, Culture and Civilization, Education Sciences

Thursday, November 11, 2021 (12.00 – 15.00)

Moderators: Prof. Sorin IVAN, PhD
Prof. Teodor FRUNZETI, PhD

9.1 Sorin IVAN, Professor PhD, HOMO SAPIENS IN THE ERA OF TECHNOLOGY AND KNOWLEDGE.
9.2 Teodor FRUNZETI, Professor PhD, Alina ALEXANDRU, PhD Cand., THE UNITED STATES – CHINA STRATEGIC COMPETITION – IMPLICATIONS FOR THE TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS.
9.3 Puiu MIHAI, Prof. PhD, PSYCHOLOGY IS A FUNDAMENTAL PREMISE FOR SMART MANAGEMENT.
9.4 George DAVID, Associate Professor, PhD, THE BLAGIAN MIORITIC SPACE AS AN ELEMENT OF NATIONAL IDENTITY.
9.5 Carmen Manuela CAZAN, Lecturer, PhD, SCHOOL DROPOUT DURING THE PANDEMIC.
9.6 Maria CERNAT, Associate Professor, PhD, AFGHANISTAN FEMINISM AND BOMBS – A SHORT ANALYSIS OF THE MEDIA NARRATIVE REGARDING THE U.S. WITHDRAWAL FROM AFGHANISTAN.
9.7 Florin CHEIA, PhD Std., Elena-Denisa BLIDARU-DOBRESCU, PhD, SOCIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES IN EDUCATION.
9.8 Octavia COSTEA, Professor PhD, EDUCATIONAL MARKETING AND COMMUNICATION IN THE TODAY CONTEXT.
9.9 Dorin GAL, PhD Candidate, THE POPULIST THREAT ON NATO SECURITY AND THE TRANSATLANTIC COOPERATION.
9.10 Johana HOLT, Lecturer PhD, Lazăr POPESCU, Assoc.Prof. PhD, THREE LITERARY HYPOSTASES OF DISSOLUTION – BLANCHOT, BACOVIA, CIORAN.
9.11 Eugen LUNGU, Lecturer, PhD, A REALISTIC OFFENSIVE APPROACH TO POWER RELATIONS BETWEEN RUSSIA AND CHINA IN CENTRAL ASIA.
9.12 Gabriela V. POPESCU, PhD, KNOWLEDGE BASED ECONOMY IN THE (POST-) COVID ERA:
NEW DYNAMICS IN THE EVENT MANAGEMENT INDUSTRY.
9.13 Adriana SAULIUC, PhD, Lecturer, Oana Elena BRÂNDA, PhD, Lecturer, LEBANON: FEAR OF RETURN TO SECTARIAN WAR.
9.14 Adrian Ion URICHIANU, Assoc. Prof. PhD, Bogdan Andrei URICHIANU, Assist. PhD, THE EFFECTS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY ON BEHAVIORAL RISK FACTORS.
9.15 Bianca Aida SURUPĂCEANU, Assistant PhD, THEANTROPOLOGICALWORKOFJAMESFRAZERANDITSCONNECTIONSWITHROMANIANCULTURE.
9.16 Bianca Aida SURUPĂCEANU, Assistant PhD, CREATIVITY IN EDUCATION.
9.17 Alina ARDELEANU, PhD Candidate, ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF MIGRATION AT AN INTERNATIONAL LEVEL.

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Telegram is launching Sponsored Messages – a tool that allows anyone to promote their channels and bots. Here is what you should know

1. There will be no ads in chats on Telegram. If you use Telegram as the messenger that we launched in 2013 – you will never see a sponsored message. Sponsored messages can’t appear in your chat list, private chats or groups.

2. User data will not be used to target ads. As with everything we do, our main priority is protecting the private data of our users. That’s why unlike other apps we will not use your private data to display ads.

Sponsored messages on Telegram are shown only in large public one-to-many channels with 1000+ members – and are based solely on the topic of the public channels in which they are shown. This means that no user data is mined or analyzed to display them.  

3. Sponsored messages will be unobtrusive. Official sponsored messages are limited to 160 characters of text – without media or external links. You may see a maximum of one sponsored message per channel – and only after you’ve finished reading any new posts.

4. We are fixing ads that are already here. Some admins of one-to-many channels on Telegram already post ads in the form of regular messages. We hope that Sponsored Messages will offer a more user-friendly and less chaotic way for people to promote their channels and bots.

Sponsored messages are currently in test mode and are not available to everyone. Once they are fully launched and allow Telegram to cover its basic costs (such as equipment and data centers that are used by channel admins to deliver their content to our hundreds of millions of users), we plan to start sharing ad revenue with the admins of the channels where Sponsored Messages are displayed – because it is fair.

5. With Telegram you’re more ad-free than with WhatsApp. WhatsApp already shares user data with advertisers [1] [2] – even though they don’t show ads themselves. On Telegram, however, advertisers will never get your private data. Besides, if you use Telegram the way you use WhatsApp, you will never see a single ad. Sponsored messages can only appear in channels, which are a unique social networking feature Telegram added several years after launch. If WhatsApp introduces a similar feature, they are likely to also display ads there, like their parent company already does on Instagram and Facebook.

Online ads should no longer be synonymous with the abuse of user privacy. We’d like to redefine how a tech company should operate by setting an example of a self-sustainable platform that respects its users and content creators.

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Pavel Durov, CEO of Telegram, about free speech, privacy, Facebook, WhatsApp, encryption and selling of user data

I hear Facebook has an entire department devoted to figuring out why Telegram is so popular. Imagine dozens of employees working on just that full-time.

I am happy to save Facebook tens of millions of dollars and give away our secret for free: respect your users.

Millions of people are outraged by the latest change in WhatsApp Terms, which now say users must feed all their private data to Facebook’s ad engine [1]. It’s no surprise that the flight of users from WhatsApp to Telegram, already ongoing for a few years, has accelerated.

At about 500 million users and growing, Telegram has become a major problem for the Facebook corporation. Unable to compete with Telegram in quality and privacy, Facebook’s WhatsApp seems to have switched to covert marketing: Wikipedia editors have recently exposed multiple paid bots adding biased information into the WhatsApp Wikipedia article [2].

We have also detected bots which spread inaccurate information about Telegram on social media. Here are the 3 myths they are pushing:

Myth 1. “Telegram’s code is not open-source”. In reality, all Telegram client apps have been open source since 2013 [3]. Our encryption and API are fully documented and have been reviewed by security experts thousands of times. Moreover, Telegram is the only messaging app in the world that has verifiable builds both for iOS and Android [4]. As for WhatsApp, they intentionally obfuscate their code, making it impossible to verify their encryption and privacy.

Myth 2. “Telegram is Russian”. In fact, Telegram has no servers or offices in Russia and was blocked there from 2018 to 2020 [5]. Telegram is still blocked in some authoritarian countries such as Iran, while WhatsApp and other “supposedly secure” apps have never had any issue in these places.

Myth 3. “Telegram is not encrypted”. Every chat on Telegram has been encrypted since launch. We have Secret Chats that are end-to-end and Cloud Chats that also offer real-time secure and distributed cloud storage [6]. WhatsApp, on the other hand, had zero encryption for a few years, and then adopted an encryption protocol funded by the US Government [7]. Even if we assume that the WhatsApp encryption is solid, it’s invalidated via multiple backdoors and reliance on backups [8].

In 2019 alone, Facebook spent almost 10 billion dollars on marketing [9] (I guess this includes paid bots on Wikipedia and other sites).

Unlike Facebook, Telegram doesn’t spend any money, let alone billions of dollars, on marketing. We believe that people are smart enough to choose what is best for them. And, judging by the half a billion people using Telegram, this belief is justified.


 

In the first week of January, Telegram surpassed 500 million monthly active users. After that it kept growing: 25 million new users joined Telegram in the last 72 hours alone. These new users came from across the globe – 38% from Asia, 27% from Europe, 21% from Latin America and 8% from MENA.

This is a significant increase compared to last year, when 1.5M new users signed up every day. We’ve had surges of downloads before, throughout our 7-year history of protecting user privacy. But this time is different.

People no longer want to exchange their privacy for free services. They no longer want to be held hostage by tech monopolies that seem to think they can get away with anything as long as their apps have a critical mass of users.

With half a billion active users and accelerating growth, Telegram has become the largest refuge for those seeking a communication platform committed to privacy and security. We take this responsibility very seriously. We won’t let you down.

Those of you who have used Telegram for the last several years know we’ve been consistent both when it comes to defending private data and to improving our apps. For those of you who just joined and are wondering what Telegram stands for, I’d like to quote my post from 2018:

You – our users – have been and will always be our only priority. Unlike other popular apps, Telegram doesn’t have shareholders or advertisers to report to. We don’t do deals with marketers, data miners or government agencies. Since the day we launched in August 2013 we haven’t disclosed a single byte of our users’ private data to third parties.

We operate this way because we don’t regard Telegram as an organization or an app. For us, Telegram is an idea; it is the idea that everyone on this planet has a right to be free.


Since my last post, the already massive influx of new users to Telegram has only accelerated. We may be witnessing the largest digital migration in human history. 

Following this global phenomenon, two presidents started their Telegram channels:

The President of Brazil – @jairbolsonarobrasil 

The President of Turkey – @RTErdogan

They join a list of other heads of state already present on the platform:

The President of Mexico – @PresidenteAMLO

The President of France – @emmanuelmacron

The Prime Minister of Singapore – @leehsienloong 

The President of Ukraine – @V_Zelenskiy_official

The President of Uzbekistan – @shmirziyoyev

The President of Taiwan – @iingtw 

The Prime Minister of Ethiopia – @AbiyAhmedAliofficial

The Prime Minister of Israel – @bnetanyahu 

(Note that such verified accounts typically show a blue check mark in your chat list and search results.)

We are honored that political leaders, as well as numerous public organizations, rely on Telegram to combat misinformation and spread awareness about important issues in their societies.

Unlike other networks, Telegram doesn’t use nontransparent algorithms to decide whether a subscriber will see content they subscribed to or not. As a result, Telegram channels are the only direct way for opinion leaders to reliably connect with their audiences. 

By removing the manipulative algorithms that have become synonymous with 2010s technology platforms, Telegram channels restore transparency and integrity to public “one-to-many” communication.


 

[1] – WhatsApp Gives Users Ultimatum – Share Data with Facebook or Lose Access 

[2] – In December 2020, the Wikipedia article about WhatsApp had the label “This article may have been created or edited in return for undisclosed payments, a violation of Wikipedia’s terms of use”. Related investigation is discussed here. 

[3] – Telegram Source Code

[4] – Reproducible Builds for Telegram Apps

[5] – On Digital Resistance in Russia

[6] – On Telegram Encryption 

[7] – U.S. Government Funded The WhatsApp Encryption

[8] – Why WhatsApp Will Never Be Secure 

[9] – Facebook Marketing Spending from 2010 to 2019

On Apple-Google censorship https://t.me/durovschat/518801

On making server-side code open https://t.me/durovschat/515221

On a privacy-conscious ad platform  https://t.me/durovschat/527441

On US-based encrypted apps https://t.me/durovschat/519187

On encryption vs. usability when using Secret Chats vs Cloud Chats https://t.me/durovschat/527081

On maximising security of communication https://t.me/durovschat/527134

On storing hashed phone numbers https://t.me/durovschat/551030

On how Telegram stores data https://t.me/durovschat/544164

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Procedure on the way to end Federal Reserve and return to the Gold Standard ! President Trump meetings continue

As President-elect’s Donald Trump’s transition rolls on, more and more attention is being paid to possible selections for a variety of high-ranking positions and meetings that might help decide these appointments.
On Monday, Trump will meet with John Allison, the former CEO of the bank BB&T and of the libertarian think tank the Cato Institute.
There have been reports that Allison is being considered for Treasury secretary.

Trump’s has on the campaign trail questioned the future of the Federal Reserve’s political independence, but Allison takes that rhetoric a step further. While running the the Cato Institute, Allison wrote a paper in support of abolishing the Fed.

“I would get rid of the Federal Reserve because the volatility in the economy is primarily caused by the Fed,” Allison wrote in 2014 for the Cato Journal, a publication of the institute.

Allison said that simply allowing the market to regulate itself would be preferable to the Fed harming the stability of the financial system.

“When the Fed is radically changing the money supply, distorting interest rates, and over-regulating the financial sector, it makes rational economic calculation difficult,” Allison wrote. “Markets do form bubbles, but the Fed makes them worse.”

Allison also suggested that the government’s practice of insuring bank deposits up to $250,000 should be abolished and the US should go back to a banking system backed by “a market standard such as gold.”

Allison also argued for higher capital reserves of up to 20% of assets at banks. On the other hand, he also argued that the government should repeal three of the broadest banking regulations.

“We should raise capital standards, but it is even more important to eliminate burdensome regulations — including Dodd-Frank, the Community Reinvestment Act, and Truth in Lending,” Allison wrote. “About 25 percent of a bank’s personnel cost relates to regulations. Banks cannot pay the regulatory costs and have high capital standards.”

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Asset Class Returns over Last 10 years & 2 Earnings Model for Crypto (ETH, BTC)

Asset Class Returns over the Last 10 Years (Dec 2020)

1. Earnings Model 1:

This is the updated earnings for Top 10 Arbitrage & Trading algos on ETH & BTC, Dec 2020:

2. Earnings Model 2:

This is the APY (Annual Percentage Yield) for some 9 cryptocurrency (we only need to hold in an account):

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Bucharest will host European Cybersecurity Competence Center, hub for cybersecurity research projects, after the majority of EU countries voted !

Diplomats selected Bucharest with 15 votes in its favor, several EU diplomats said, in a second round of votes that pitted Brussels against Romania’s capital.

The Romanian capital has won the race to host the new European Cybersecurity Industrial, Technology and Research Competence Centre, ECCC, Romania’s Foreign Minister, Bogdan Aurescu, announced on Thursday.

“Exceptional success for Romania,” Aurescu wrote. “After intense diplomatic efforts, Bucharest was elected to host the EU’s Cybersecurity Centre – the 1st EU Agency in Romania,” the minister tweeted.

Bucharest was chosen over Brussels, Munich, Warsaw, Vilnius, Luxembourg and León, Spain, to host this new centre funded by the EU and dedicated to developing technologies to counter cyberattacks.

“Romanian expertise in IT was acknowledged in the EU. Romania is ready to work hard for a European cybersecurity ecosystem,” the minister continued in his tweet.

According to the European Council, the criteria to choose the host of the ECCC included “the date on which the centre can become operational”, “connectivity, security and interoperability with IT facilities to handle EU funding” and the existence of a “cybersecurity ecosystem”.

In recent years, Romania has become respected for its cybersecurity capacities. Conversely, it is also infamous for being the base of many cybercrime networks defrauding internet users all over the world.

The ECCC aims to “contribute to the deployment of the latest cybersecurity technology, support cybersecurity start-ups and SMEs, enhance cybersecurity research and innovation [and] contribute to closing the cybersecurity skills gap”.

The centre is expected to play a central role in the EU fight against increasing cyberthreats from hackers acting either on their own initiative or at the behest of hostile states and entities.